THE FOURTEEN APOSTLES

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APOSTLES

     THE FOURTEEN APOSTLES (Alphabetized)
     (* Denotes one of the inner circle)
  • Name: Andrew (means-“manly, conqueror”).
  1. Son of: Jona (dove)-Jn 1:42; Jonah-Jn 21:15; John-NIV.
  2. Related to: brother of Peter.
  3. Where from: Bethsaida-Jn 1:44.
  4. Lived in: Bethsaida and Capernaum.
  5. Occupation: Fisherman-Mk 1:16.

Misc:

  1. Originally a disciple of John the Baptist.
  2. Brought Peter to Jesus-Jn 1:41.
  3. Andrew and Peter owned a house together-Mk 1:29.
  • Name: Bartholomew (means-“son of Tolmai”).
  • Also known as: Nathanael-Jn 1:45-49.
  1. Son of: Tolmai.
  2. Where from: Cana in Galilee.

Misc:

  1. Introduced to Jesus by Philip.
  2. Could have been of noble birth.
  3. Jesus said AN ISRAELITE… IN WHOM IS NO GUILE (or nothing false)-Jn 1:47.
  4. Was brought to Jesus by Philip-ref Jn 1:45.
  5. He called Jesus the Son of God in Jn 1:49.
  • Name: James (Greek for Jacob, means-“supplanter”).
  • Also known as: James the younger or the less.
  1. Son of: Alphaeus.
  2. MARY THE MOTHER OF JAMES THE LESS-Mk 15:40.

Related to:

  1. possibly the brother of Matthew-ref Mk 2:14; ref Mt 10:3.
  2. Lived in: Galilee.
  • Name: James * (Greek for Jacob, means-“supplanter”).
  • Surnamed: Boanerges (the sons of thunder)-Mk 3:17.
  1. Son of: Zebedee and Salome.
  2. Salome may have been the sister of Mary, the mother of Jesus, which would make him a cousin of Jesus-ref Mk 15:40; Jn 19:25.

Related to:

  1. brother of John.
  2. Lived in: Bethsaida, Capernaum, and Jerusalem.
  3. Occupation: Fisherman.
  4. James and John partners with Simon-ref Lk 5:10.

How died:

  1. Executed by King Herod Agrippa about 44 A.D.-ref Acts 12:2.

Misc:

  1. First of the twelve to die a martyr.
  2. Asked Jesus, WILT THOU THAT WE COMMAND FIRE TO COME DOWN FROM HEAVEN, AND CONSUME THEM?-Lk 9:54.
  • Name: John * (means-“gift of God”).
  • Surnamed: Boanerges (the sons of thunder)-Mk 3:17.

Related to:

  1. brother of James.
  2. Son of: Zebedee and Salome.
  3. Salome may have been the sister of Mary, the mother of Jesus, which would make him a cousin of Jesus-ref Mk 15:40; Jn 19:25.
  4. Lived in: Bethsaida, Capernaum, and Jerusalem.
  5. Occupation: Fisherman.
  6. James and John partners with Simon-ref Lk 5:10.

Bible information:

  1. Wrote the Gospel According to John, First John, Second John, Third John, and the Revelation. This totals 5 books, 50 chapters, and 1,414 verses.
  2. There is now evidence that this John may not have written all 5 of these books.. that they were written by at least 3 different people named John.

How died:

  1. It is believed he died a natural death.

Misc:

  1. James is always mentioned first.
  2. Only disciple mentioned that stood at the cross, yet allowed Peter to enter the tomb first.
  3. Cared for the mother of Jesus.
  4. Asked Jesus, WILT THOU THAT WE COMMAND FIRE TO COME DOWN FROM HEAVEN, AND CONSUME THEM?-Lk 9:54.
  • Name: Judas-ref Jn 14:22 (means-“praise”).
  • Also known as: Lebbaeus-Mt 10:3.
  • Surname: Thaddaeus-Mt 10:3.
  1. Son of: James-ref Lk 6:16; Acts 1:13 NIV.
  2. Lived in: Galilee.
  • Name: Judas (means-“praise”).
  • Surnamed: Iscariot-Lk 22:3.
  1. Son of: Simon-Jn 6:71.
  2. Where from: Kerioth, a Judean town, about 12 miles from Hebron.
  3. Not a Galilean.

How died:

  1. Hanged himself-Mt 27:5.

Misc:

  1. Betrayed Jesus.
  2. The treasurer and a thief-ref Jn 12:6.
  3. Fell by transgression-Acts 1:25.
  4. Matthias replaced him-Acts 1:20-26.
  • Name: Matthew (also means-“gift of God”).
  • Also known as: Levi-Lk 5:27-29.
  1. Son of: Alphaeus-Mt 10:3; Mk 2:14.
  2. Related to: Possibly the brother of James the less-ref Mk 2:14.
  3. Lived in: Capernaum.
  4. Occupation: Tax collector on road between Damascus and Accho just outside Capernaum.

Bible information:

  1. Wrote the Gospel According to Matthew.

Misc:

  1. Wealthy—owned his own house.
  2. Matthew himself lists the publicans with sinners-ref Mt 9:10; ref Lk 5:29.
  • Name: Peter * (means-“stone; rock”)-Mt 16:18.
  • Also known as: Simon-Mt 4:18;
  • Simon Barjona-Mt 16:17;
  • Simeon-Acts 15:14;
  • Cephas (rock)-ref Jn 1:42.
  1. Son of: Jona (dove)-Jn 1:42;

Jonah-Jn 21:15;  John-Jn 21:15 NIV.

  1. Related to: brother of Andrew.
  2. Where from: Bethsaida-Jn 1:44.
  3. Lived in: Bethsaida and Capernaum.
  4. Occupation: Fishermen-Mk 1:16.
  5. James and John partners with Simon-ref Lk 5:10.

Bible information:

  1. He wrote First and Second Peter.

Misc:

  1. Originally a disciple of John the Baptist.
  2. Unpredictable.
  3. Andrew led him to Jesus.
  4. Andrew and Peter owned a house together-Mk 1:29.
  5. Was or had been married.

Note the words, SIMON’S WIFE’S MOTHER-Mk 1:30.

  • Name: Philip (means-“lover of horses”).
  1. Where from: Bethsaida-Jn 1:44; 12:21.

Misc:

  1. Philip found Nathanael and brought him to Jesus-ref Jn 1:45-51.
  2. Jesus found Philip, and said, FOLLOW ME-Jn 1:43.
  3. In another Scripture, Philip said, LORD, SHOW US THE FATHER, AND IT SUFFICETH US (or will be enough for us)-Jn 14:8.
  • Name: Simon (means-“hearing”)
  • Zelotes (the Zealot or zealous one)-Lk 6:15; Acts 1:13;
  • also called the Canaanite (indicating his loyalty to Israel)-Mt 10:4; Mk 3:18.
  1. Occupation: Member of the revolutionary Jewish Zealots.
  2. Where from: Galilee.
  • Name: Thomas (means-“twin”).
  • Also known as: Didymus-Jn 20:24.
  1. Lived in: Galilee.

Misc:

  1. Made these statements, LET US ALSO GO, THAT WE MAY DIE WITH HIM-Jn 11:16;
  2. LORD, WE KNOW NOT WHITHER THOU GOEST; AND HOW CAN WE KNOW THE WAY?-Jn 14:5.
  3. He doubted the resurrection of Jesus until he could put his finger INTO THE PRINT OF THE NAILS-Jn 20:25.
  • Name: Matthias (means-“gift of God”).

Misc:

  1. Matthias was chosen to replace Judas Iscariot, who fell by transgression.
  2. For it is written, IN THOSE DAYS PETER STOOD UP…AND SAID…MEN AND BRETHREN, THIS SCRIPTURE MUST NEEDS HAVE BEEN FULFILLED…CONCERNING JUDAS…FOR HE WAS NUMBERED WITH US, AND HAD OBTAINED PART OF THIS MINISTRY. FOR IT IS WRITTEN IN THE BOOK OF PSALMS, LET HIS HABITATION (or place) BE DESOLATE, AND LET NO MAN DWELL THEREIN: AND HIS BISHOPRICK (or leadership) LET ANOTHER TAKE-Acts 1:15-17,20; ref Ps 69:25; 109:8.
  3. WHEREFORE OF THESE MEN WHICH HAVE COMPANIED (or been) WITH US ALL THE TIME THAT THE LORD JESUS WENT IN AND OUT AMONG US, BEGINNING FROM THE BAPTISM OF JOHN, UNTO THAT SAME DAY THAT HE WAS TAKEN UP FROM US, MUST ONE BE ORDAINED TO BE A WITNESS WITH US OF HIS RESURRECTION. AND THEY PRAYED…AND THEY GAVE FORTH THEIR LOTS; AND THE LOT FELL UPON MATTHIAS; AND HE WAS NUMBERED WITH THE ELEVEN APOSTLES-Acts 1:21,22,24,26.
  4. MAY ANOTHER TAKE HIS PLACE OF LEADERSHIP-Acts 1:20 NIV.
  5. Matthias had to have been with the apostles, as it is written, IT IS NECESSARY TO CHOOSE ONE…WHO HAVE BEEN WITH US…BEGINNING FROM JOHN’S BAPTISM TO THE TIME WHEN JESUS WAS TAKEN UP-Acts 1:21,22 NIV.
  6. HE WAS NUMBERED WITH THE ELEVEN APOSTLES-Acts 1:26.
  • Name: Paul (means-“little”).
  • Also known as: Saul of Tarsus.
  1. Where from: Tarsus-Acts 21:39;
  2. Tarsus was in Cilicia-Acts 22:3.
  3. Tarsus was a “free city.”
  4. Occupation: A Pharisee-Phili 3:5.
  5. Before his conversion, he persecuted the church-Acts 22:4.
  6. Was also a tent maker-Acts 18:1-3.

Bible information:

  1. Paul wrote more books of the New Testament than any other person.
  2. He wrote Romans, First and Second Cor, Gal, Eph, Phili, Col, First and Second Thes, First and Second Tim, Titus, and Phile. This totals 13 books, 87 chapters, and 2,033 verses.
  3. The author of Hebrews is uncertain although some credit Paul with writing it, also.

How died:

  1. He was beheaded in Rome.

Misc:

  1. He was of the tribe of Benjamin-Phili 3:5.
  2. Was a Roman citizen-ref Acts 22:25.
  3. He was free born-Acts 22:28.
  4. He studied under Gamaliel-Acts 22:3.
  5. Was struck down by Jesus when he was on his way to Damascus-Acts 22:6.
  6. From this point on, he used his Roman name, Paul.
  7. HIS BODILY PRESENCE IS WEAK (or unimpressive), AND HIS SPEECH CONTEMPTIBLE (or amounts to nothing)-2 Cor 10:10.
  8. An apostle-Ro 1:1.
  9. An apostle of the Gentiles-Ro 11:13.
  10. Tradition tells us, all the apostles died a violent death, except John.

OTHER APOSTLES THE BIBLE MENTIONS

  • Name: James (the Lord’s brother-ref Gal 1:19).

Bible information:

  1. Credited with writing the Epistle of James-Ja 1:1.

Misc:

  1. Mt 13:55; 1 Cor 15:7; Acts 12:17; Gal 1:19; 2:9.
  • Name: Joses
  • Surname:Barnabas (means-“son of consolation”)-Acts 4:36.
  1. Where from: Cyprus.

Misc:

  1. A Levite.
  2. Paul and Barnabas traveled together some of the time-ref Acts 14:14.
  • Name: Andronicus (means-“conqueror”).

Misc:

  1. The NIV (ref Ro 16:7) indicates that this man also was an apostle.
  • Name: Junia (means-“youth”).

Misc:

  1. The NIV (ref Ro 16:7) indicates that this man also was an apostle.

The Scriptures indicate there were also other apostles, as well as false apostles.

**a note here is that there are several other apostles mentioned that included Females**

THE TWELVE APOSTLES JUDGE OVER THE TWELVE TRIBES OF ISRAEL

After the return of Jesus, He shall sit upon the throne of His glory. The twelve apostles will also be given a kingdom. They shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

However, those that shall sit on the right and left hand of Jesus are determined by the Father.

Mt 19:27,28-

THEN ANSWERED PETER AND SAID UNTO HIM, BEHOLD, WE HAVE FORSAKEN ALL, AND FOLLOWED THEE; WHAT SHALL WE HAVE THEREFORE?

AND JESUS SAID UNTO THEM, VERILY I SAY UNTO YOU, THAT YE WHICH HAVE FOLLOWED ME, IN THE REGENERATION WHEN THE SON OF MAN SHALL SIT IN THE THRONE OF HIS GLORY,YE ALSO SHALL SIT UPON TWELVE THRONES, JUDGING THE TWELVE TRIBES OF ISRAEL.

Lk 22:28-30-

YE ARE THEY WHICH HAVE CONTINUED WITH ME IN MY TEMPTATIONS. AND I APPOINT UNTO YOU A KINGDOM, AS MY FATHER HATH APPOINTED UNTO ME; THAT YE MAY EAT AND DRINK AT MY TABLE IN MY KINGDOM, AND SIT ON THRONES JUDGING THE TWELVE TRIBES OF ISRAEL.

Jere 23:4-

AND I WILL SET UP SHEPHERDS OVER THEM WHICH SHALL FEED THEM: AND THEY SHALL FEAR NO MORE, NOR BE DISMAYED, NEITHER SHALL THEY BE LACKING, SAITH THE LORD.

Mt 20:23-

AND HE SAITH UNTO THEM, YE SHALL DRINK INDEED OF MY CUP, AND BE BAPTIZED WITH THE BAPTISM THAT I AM BAPTIZED WITH: BUT TO SIT ON MY RIGHT HAND, AND ON MY LEFT, IS NOT MINE TO GIVE (or grant), BUT IT (or these places) SHALL BE GIVEN (or belong) TO THEM FOR WHOM IT IS PREPARED OF MY FATHER. (Ref Mt 20:21.)

Mk 10:40-

BUT TO SIT ON MY RIGHT HAND AND ON MY LEFT HAND IS NOT MINE TO GIVE (or grant); BUT IT SHALL BE GIVEN (or belong) TO THEM (or for those) FOR WHOM IT IS PREPARED. (Ref Mk 10:37.) NEW JERUSALEM

Rev 21:12-

AND HAD A WALL GREAT AND HIGH, AND HAD TWELVE GATES, AND AT THE GATES TWELVE ANGELS, AND NAMES WRITTEN (or inscribed) THEREON (the gates), WHICH ARE THE NAMES OF THE TWELVE TRIBES OF THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL.

Scripture with commentary:

AND HAD A WALL GREAT AND HIGH:

The wall is a great wall, very high. Walls often denote security. Indeed, it will be secure—God will reign there.

AND HAD TWELVE GATES:

The city of New Jerusalem has twelve gates. A person cannot just enter the city from any direction or any place. They must enter through a gate.

AND AT THE GATES TWELVE ANGELS:

There were angels at the gates; these angels might be called gatekeepers.

AND NAMES WRITTEN (or inscribed) THEREON (the gates):

Names were written on the gates.

WHICH ARE THE NAMES OF THE TWELVE TRIBES OF THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL.

The names, however, are not listed in this verse.If they correspond with the millennial Jerusalem, in Ezek 48:31-34, they may be as follows:

  • on the east—
  1. Joseph,
  2. Benjamin,
  3. Dan;
  • on the north—
  1. Reuben,
  2. Judah,
  3. Levi;
  • on the south—
  1. Simeon,
  2. Issachar,
  3. Zebulun;
  • on the west—
  1. Gad,
  2. Asher,
  3. Naphtali.
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